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History of Mandalay 

Mandalay is the second largest city in Myanmar. It lies on the east bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River and in the upper part of Myanmar.  King Mindon, making it the capital of an independent kingdom for less than 30 years, had founded the town only 29 years earlier in 1857. The city was named after the Mandalay Hill, which is situated at the northeast corner of the present city.

The name " Mandalay " is a derivative of the Pali word " Mandala ", which means" a plains land "and also that of the Pali word " Mandare ", which means "an auspicious land ".

Mandalay has the Royal Palace of the last Konbaung Dynasty. Mandalay inherits many cultural heritages from the ancient Myanmar Kingdoms and beautiful places to visit.

Beyond the city are several historic sites that can easily be explored on day excursion. These include the ruins of one-time capital Amara and Mingun where the world’s largest ringing bell can be seen.

Mandalay Hill is a popular destination to visit while you are in Mandalay. The beautiful scene of the whole city can be seen from the hill. Royal Palace, Sanda Muni and Shwenandaw Monastery are a few more.
Myanmar was devastated by the World War II and the British evacuation and the reoccupation. During the war, many significant buildings were either burnt down or heavily damaged. That included many constructions in Mandalay, including the King’s palace. However, the palace and many buildings were rebuilt on the original ground and old model.

It is located 650 kilometres north of Yangon, and can be reached by air, rail, road or river. Flying is the best way to travel. Travel by train or car takes about 14 hours while travel by boat up the Ayeyarwady or Irrawaddy river takes at least a couple of week. Mandalay is the last in Myanmar’s long line of royal capitals; Mandalay is still the spiritual and cultural heart of the nation.