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Cambodia, which is physically located in Southeast Asia, occupies a total area of 181,035 square kilometers. It is commonly bordered to the north by Thailand and Laos, to the east by Vietnam, to the south by Vietnam and the Gulf of Thailand, and to the west by the Gulf of Thailand and Thailand.




Geographically speaking, Cambodia is divided into six major regions: the western and north-western mountains rich in tropical forest, wildlife and fruit trees.

The north-eastern plateau is abounding with tropical forest, wildlife, waterfalls, diamonds and magic.

The central plain known as a large area of flat land is for cultivating mainly rice, corns and beans; for favouring fish and mangrove.

The western and south-western coastal plains are popular with tourists who sunbathe on the sandy beaches, and who consume seafood.

The western and north-eastern valleys are suitable for the development of hydro-electric power; and the peninsula suitable for tin mining, rubber cultivation and fishing. 


Mountains and Plains

Most of the Cambodia consists of a basin-shaped lowland area, enclosed by mountain chains to the north, east, and west. The Cardamom range in the southwest contains Cambodia’s highest peak, Phnom Aoral, which stands at 5,948 feet (1,813 metres). The Elephant Mountains are found in the region between the Tonle Sap and the Gulf of Thailand. The Dangrek range marks a natural border with Thailand. Dense tropical forests cover most of the mountains. Their rapid deforestation is of the international concern.

The central plains are the most densely populated areas of Cambodia. The plains are a mixture of cultivated land, paddy fields, and grasslands dotted with sugar palm trees.


The Mekong River


The Mekong River and its major tributary in Cambodia, the Tonle Sap (Great Lake), bring life to the heart of Cambodia. The Mekong, which is approximately 2700 miles (4,350 kilometres) in length, is one of the mightiest rivers in the world. It begins in the Tibet Plateau in China and flows through Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. It forms the Mekong Delta in Vietnam before flowing into the South China Sea.
In the heart of the central plains lies the Tonle Sap, the largest inland lake in Southeast Asia. The Tonle Sap acts as a natural flood reservoir for the Mekong. During the rainy season from mid-May to early October, the Mekong overflows its banks. When this happens, the Mekong River reverses it direction of flow and fills the Tonle Sap via the Tonle Sab River. The Tonle Sap expands to double its size and floods the surrounding countryside. During the dry season, water in the Tonle Sap flows back into the Mekong, leaving behind fertile soil. This annual flooding of the Mekong leaves rich alluvial deposits in the central plains.




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