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Thailand, the third largest country in Southeast Asia after Indonesia and Burma, occupies and area of 513,115 square kilometres (198,114 square miles), which makes Thailand approximately the same size as France. It is located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.

The country lies on the north and west shores of the Gulf of Thailand. It is bordered by Burma on the west and northwest, Laos on the east and northeast, Cambodia on the southeast, Malaysia on the south, and the Andaman Sea on the southwest.

Thailand is a country located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burma and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Burma. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India in the Andaman Sea to the southwest.






The Northern Region

The northern region is mainly a mountainous area with narrow river valleys, containing numerous ruins and temples, the ancient city of Chiang Mai, and Thailand's highest peak, Doi Inthanon. This region is also home to the hill tribes of Thailand, distinct ethnic groups which settled in the area thousands of years ago after migrating from as far away as Tibet and central China. The central part of this region is drained by the four chief tributaries of the Chao Phraya River.



The North-eastern Region

The north-eastern region is a low, southeast – sloping plateau, the most desolate and least-visited part of the country.  Most parts of the area have poor sandy soil and rather long dry season. Therefore, in this region compared to the other regions, average yield of crops is rather low. Most crops are grown under rain – fed cultivation. An interesting blend of Thai, Lao, and Khmer influences characterise the culture of the region.


The Central Region

Central Thailand, which consists of the fertile plains surrounding the Chao Phraya River, is the country's most populous region and its rice basket. The central region may be divided into two parts: the upper part – from the northern border to Nakhon Sawan, and the lower part – from Chai Nat, Sing Buri and Lop Buri to the Gulf of Thailand. The upper part has some mountains, whereas the lower part is vast alluvial plain.



The Southern Region

The southern region is an elongated peninsular section of the country. It stretches for hundreds of miles along the Malay Peninsula, and abounds with stunning beaches and scores of tropical islands. Rain falls almost all year round and sea breezes tend to moderate the high temperatures.


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